The Role of Extensive Reading in Improving General English Proficiency
Keywords:Extensive Reading, Graded Readers, Reading Comprehension, Reading Rate, Reading Speed
This paper investigates the benefits of implementing extensive reading (ER), supporting techniques or approaches of ER as well as the practical aspects of ER in English as a foreign language (EFL) context. The method used in this study was integrative literature review which was proposed by Torraco (2005). The literature related to ER, its supporting techniques or approaches and the practical aspects was reviewed comprehensively. The results of this study indicate that ER can increase students’ general reading proficiency, reading rate, reading strategies, motivation, attitude, vocabulary, speaking and writing skills. In other words, it can improve general English proficiency. On the question of supporting techniques or approaches, Task-Based (TBL) approach and The Lexical Approach (LA) can be used to support ERP. Another important finding was that there are several practical aspects that can be considered when practicing ERP such as using graded readers, classroom library and reading circles. Hence, in order to help improve English language teaching, these findings can contribute in several ways to our understanding of ER and provide basis for implementing ERP in EFL context.